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ESAblawg is an educational effort by Keith W. Rizzardi. Correspondence with this site does not create a lawyer-client relationship. Photos or links may be copyrighted (but used with permission, or as fair use). ESA blawg is published with a Creative Commons License.

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florida gators... never threatened!

If you ain't a Gator, you should be! Alligators (and endangered crocs) are important indicator species atop their food chains, with sensitivity to pollution and pesticides akin to humans. See ESA blawg. Gator blood could be our pharmaceutical future, too. See ESA musing.


Follow the truth.

"This institution will be based on the illimitable freedom of the human mind. For here we are not afraid to follow truth wherever it may lead, nor to tolerate any error so long as reason is left free to combat it." -- Thomas Jefferson to William Roscoe, December 27, 1820.


Thanks, Kevin.

KEVIN S. PETTITT helped found this blawg. A D.C.-based IT consultant specializing in Lotus Notes & Domino, he also maintains Lotus Guru blog.

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Monterey Spineflower Critical Habitat Designation

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73 Fed. Reg. 1525-1554 (Jan. 9, 2008).  Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Designation of Critical Habitat for the Monterey Spineflower (Chorizanthe pungens var. pungens).  
    BACKGROUND: On May 29, 2002, we [FWS] designated critical habitat for Chorizanthe pungens var. pungens on approximately 18,829 acres (ac) (7,620 hectares (ha)) of land in Santa Cruz and Monterey counties, California (67 FR 37498). In March 2005, the Homebuilders Association of Northern California, et al., filed suit against the Service (CV–013630LKK– JFM) challenging final critical habitat rules for several species, including Chorizanthe pungens var. pungens. In March 2006, a settlement was reached that requires the Service to re-evaluate five final critical habitat designations.
Image from University of California, Santa Cruz
    CONCLUSION: The new rule is published as 50 C.F.R. §17.96(a), with notable subparagraphs as follows.  (1) Critical habitat units are depicted for Santa Cruz and Monterey Counties, California, in the included maps.  (2) The primary constituent element of critical habitat for Chorizanthe pungens var. pungens is a vegetation structure arranged in a mosaic with openings between the dominant elements (e.g., scrub, shrub, oak trees, or clumps of herbaceous vegetation) that changes in spatial position as a result of physical processes such as windblown sands and fire and that allows sunlight to reach the surface of specified sandy soils.  (3) Critical habitat does not include manmade structures (such as buildings, aqueducts, airports, and roads) and the land on which such structures are located, existing within the legal boundaries on the effective date of this rule. (4) Critical habitat map units. Data layers defining map units were created on base maps using aerial imagery from the National Agricultural Imagery Program (aerial imagery captured June 2005).  
    NOTABLE ANALYSIS: “We requested written comments from the public on the proposed revised designation of critical habitat for Chorizanthe pungens var. pungens in the revised proposed rule published on December 14, 2006 (71 FR 75189) and again in a subsequent notice of availability of the draft economic analysis published in the Federal Register on October 16, 2007 (72 FR 58618). We also contacted appropriate Federal, State, and local agencies; scientific organizations; and other interested parties and invited them to comment on the revised proposed rule.”  The rule was also subjected to peer review.