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ESAblawg is an educational effort by Keith W. Rizzardi. Correspondence with this site does not create a lawyer-client relationship. Photos or links may be copyrighted (but used with permission, or as fair use). ESA blawg is published with a Creative Commons License.

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florida gators... never threatened!

If you ain't a Gator, you should be! Alligators (and endangered crocs) are important indicator species atop their food chains, with sensitivity to pollution and pesticides akin to humans. See ESA blawg. Gator blood could be our pharmaceutical future, too. See ESA musing.


Follow the truth.

"This institution will be based on the illimitable freedom of the human mind. For here we are not afraid to follow truth wherever it may lead, nor to tolerate any error so long as reason is left free to combat it." -- Thomas Jefferson to William Roscoe, December 27, 1820.


Thanks, Kevin.

KEVIN S. PETTITT helped found this blawg. A D.C.-based IT consultant specializing in Lotus Notes & Domino, he also maintains Lotus Guru blog.

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Comprehensive conservation plan under review at Ding Darling National Wildlife Refuge

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73 Fed. Reg. 17992and 17993 (Wednesday, April 2, 2008)

FWS’ SUMMARY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), intend to prepare a  comprehensive conservation plan (CCP) and associated National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) documents for J.N. ‘Ding’ Darling National Wildlife Refuge… and the Pine Island, Caloosahatchee, Matlacha Pass, and Island Bay National Wildlife Refuges.  To ensure consideration, we must receive your written comments by May 19, 2008.

ADDITIONAL EXCERPTS: “J.N. ‘Ding’ Darling National Wildlife Refuge was originally established as the Sanibel National Wildlife Refuge in 1945. The refuge was originally established ‘for use as an inviolate sanctuary, or for any other management purposes, for migratory birds, and suitable for incidental fish and wildlife-oriented recreational development, the protection of natural resources, and the conservation of threatened and endangered species.’ In 1967, the refuge was renamed in honor of Jay Norwood ‘Ding’ Darling and now consists of 6,300 acres of mangrove estuaries, freshwater spartina wetlands, and tropical hardwood hammocks”…  Each of the other refuges “is administered as part of the J.N. ‘Ding’ Darling National Wildlife Refuge Complex. The purposes of each refuge are to protect and provide suitable habitat for threatened and endangered species, and to provide habitat for a wide diversity of shorebirds, wading birds, waterfowl, raptors, and neotropical migratory birds.”

COMMENTARY: Ding Darling was a well-known political cartoonist and twice-winner of the Pulitzer Prize (1924 and 1942), with a career legacy including: Chief, Bureau of Biological Survey (forerunner of U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service), 1934- 1935; Father of the Federal Duck Stamp; and First President, General Wildlife Federation (forerunner of National Wildlife Federation), 1936-1939.  This CCP effort at his namesake refuge, like all other CCP efforts, has potential implications for endangered and threatened species management.

Cartoon reproduced courtesy of the "Ding" Darling Wildlife Society.  Editorial  cartoons of J.N. "Ding" Darling"  are available from the Iowa Digital Library  (use with permission)