FWS proposes listing of five foreign bird species, including Ecuador's Esmeraldas woodstar
74 Fed. Reg. 32308 / Vol. 74, No. 128 / Tuesday, July 7, 2009 / Proposed Rules
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR / Fish and Wildlife Service / 50 CFR Part 17 / Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Proposed Rule to List Five Foreign Bird Species in Colombia and Ecuador, South America, under the Endangered Species Act
SUMMARY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), propose to list as endangered four species of birds from Colombia — the blue-billed curassow (Crax alberti), the brownbanded antpitta (Grallaria milleri), the Cauca guan (Penelope perspicax), and the gorgeted wood-quail (Odontophorus strophium) — and one bird species from Ecuador — the Esmeraldas woodstar (Chaetocercus berlepschi) — as endangered under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (Act) (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.). This proposal, if made final, would extend the Act’s protection to these species. The Service seeks data and comments from the public on this proposed rule. DATES: We will accept comments received or postmarked on or before September 8, 2009. We must receive requests for public hearings, in writing, at the address shown in the ADDRESSES section by August 21, 2009.
The Esmeraldas woodstar (photo from Wikimedia) is a range restricted, forest-dwelling species with highly localized populations in the semi-humid forests and woodlands from sealevel to 500 m (1,600 ft). This habitat type has been reduced by over 99 percent by deforestation for logging, clearing for agriculture, and road development. Researchers are not certain that the species can survive in secondary forests year-round. The Esmeraldas woodstar is classified as an endangered species under Ecuadorian law, and part of the species’ range is included within two protected areas.